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Why TATA Group is Selling its stakes in TCS?


Why TATA Group is Selling its stakes in TCS?


In a strategic move aimed at maybe reducing the debt in the balance sheet, Tata Sons, the holding company of the renowned Tata Group, has sold 0.6% of its equity in Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), one of its flagship companies. The sale, amounting to 2.34 crore shares or 0.65 per cent equity, is executed through a block deal valued at ₹9,362.3 crore ($1.13 billion).

The decision comes against the backdrop of Tata Sons' ongoing efforts to optimize its financial structure and strengthen its balance sheets. With a floor price fixed at ₹4,001 per share, representing a slight discount to the current market price.


Reasons why companies sell stakes

Holding companies and promoter entities often resort to stake sales in group firms as a means to generate liquidity, especially for debt repayment and balance sheet stabilization. And we have been hearing about Tata Sons IPO lately. But news also circulated that the group of companies is planning to avoid this IPO. So maybe this is a part of their strategic move to reduce debt.

This approach aligns with global trends also, as seen by BAT Plc's recent divestment in its Indian associate ITC Ltd for ₹16,690 crore, primarily aimed at deleveraging and share buybacks.




Consequences after the sale

Tata Sons, with a significant stakeholding in TCS amounting to 72.38 per cent, maintains its position as a cornerstone investor in the IT world. The decision to divest a small fraction of its holding underscores a calculated approach to balance capital allocation and optimize its investment portfolio.

The move assumes significance in the context of Tata Sons' financial position, with reported net debt of ₹20,642.47 crore as of March-end 2023 against a robust revenue base of ₹35,058.47 crore in FY23. By selling TCS stake, Tata Sons aims to enhance its liquidity position and make its money stronger so it can handle changes in how markets work.

Moreover, the divestment aligns with regulatory requirements, as Tata Sons, being a core investment company registered with the Reserve Bank of India, is mandated to list its shares next year. This move not only enhances transparency and accountability but also reflects Tata Sons' commitment to regulatory compliance and governance best practices.



Market Reaction

The markets to the announcement reflects investor confidence, with shares of TCS witnessing a notable uptrend, rising nearly 32 per cent over the past year. This positive sentiment underscores the market's faith in Tata Sons' strategic decision-making and its ability to navigate complex financial landscapes. But today after the stake sale, TCS is down by 3.19% in open markets.



Brokerage Houses on stake sale

Commenting on the proposed transaction, Nuvama Alternative & Quantitative Research highlighted that Tata Sons' stake reduction in TCS would have minimal impact on float and indices, with potential adjustments expected in key benchmarks like the Nifty50 and Sensex. This observation underscores the nuanced implications of the divestment in the broader market context.




In conclusion, Tata Sons' decision to divest a portion of its equity in TCS reflects a strategic imperative aimed at strengthening its balance sheets and optimizing its investment portfolio. With a focus on prudent financial management and regulatory compliance, Tata Sons reaffirms its commitment to sustainable growth and value creation for its stakeholders amidst evolving market dynamics.





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Sanjay Gundesha | Posted on 19/03/2024


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