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Union Budget 2024: Renewable Sectors Expected to Benefit


Introduction to Renewable Energy

As the budget day approaches, various sectors are experiencing a buzz of activity. Among these, the renewable energy sector stands out as a significant focus. In this article, we will delve into why renewable energy is crucial and what opportunities it presents.


Government Vision and Challenges

The government aims to achieve a 500 GW renewable energy installed capacity. Despite budget allocations, it's essential to analyze how close we are to this target and what challenges lie ahead.

Current Installed Capacity

As of now, our installed capacity is around 136.16 GW. The growth rate has been steady but not sufficient to meet the 2030 target if we continue at this pace.

  • 2021: 12-13%
  • 2022: 12-13%
  • 2023: 12-13%

To reach 500 GW by 2030, the growth rate needs to accelerate to 22% CAGR from 2024 onwards.


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Government Initiatives and Budget Allocations

To achieve the ambitious target, the government has been allocating substantial budgets and providing incentives. Let's look at some key allocations and initiatives.

Budget Allocations

  • 2023: Rs.4970 Crore for solar power grid infrastructure
  • 2024-25 Interim Budget: Rs.8500 Crore
  • Green Hydrogen Program: Rs.7490 Crore

These allocations aim to boost renewable energy projects and infrastructure development significantly.

Key Programs

The government has launched several programs to accelerate renewable energy adoption:

  • PM Surya Uday Yojana: Rs.75000 Crore allocation
  • PM Suryodaya Ghar Mukt Bijli Yojana: Targets 1 crore homes with solar panels


Need for Fast Capacity Addition

To meet the 500 GW target, fast capacity addition is crucial. This requires the involvement of multiple players and substantial government incentives.

"Incentives should stimulate market innovation and technological advancement." - Gauri Singh, Deputy Director General, International Renewable Energy Agency

Government support and incentives are vital to achieve the fast-track growth required in this sector.



Understanding the Renewable Energy Mix

When discussing renewable energy, it's essential to consider various sources like solar, wind, bio, and small hydro. Focusing solely on solar energy is not enough.

  • Solar: 75%
  • Wind: 45%
  • Bio: 10.26%
  • Hydro: 4.99%

Investors should look at the entire renewable energy mix to identify potential opportunities.


Opportunities for Proxy Players

In the renewable energy sector, proxy players also play a crucial role. These are companies that support the main renewable energy projects.

  • Equipment suppliers
  • Technology providers
  • Infrastructure developers

Investing in these proxy players can also yield significant returns as they are integral to the success of renewable energy projects.


The Global Perspective

Renewable energy is not just a national focus but a global one. India aims to be among the top countries in renewable energy adoption, and this requires rapid and large-scale investments.

Major players like Ambani and Adani are making substantial investments in this sector, indicating the opportunities available.




Understanding the government's vision, the challenges, and the need for rapid capacity addition is crucial for investors. The renewable energy sector offers significant opportunities, and with the right approach, investors can benefit from the growth in this sector.

Investing in renewable energy stocks, including proxy players, can provide substantial returns. Stay informed and make wise investment decisions to capitalize on the opportunities in this sector.

How did you find this detailed analysis of the renewable energy sector? Share your thoughts in the comments and don't forget to share this article if you found it useful.

Frequently Asked Questions


Renewable energy comes from sources that are naturally replenishing and virtually inexhaustible. Examples include solar, wind, hydro, and biomass energy. The importance of renewable energy lies in its potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, decrease dependence on fossil fuels, and provide a sustainable and clean energy source for future generations.


India has an installed renewable energy capacity of around 136.16 GW. The growth rate has been steady at 12-13% annually in recent years. However, to meet the government’s ambitious target of 500 GW by 2030, the growth rate needs to accelerate to 22% Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) from 2024 onwards. Significant budget allocations and initiatives have been set to boost this sector. 


The Indian government has introduced several initiatives and allocated substantial budgets to support the renewable energy sector:

  • 2023 Budget: ₹4,970 Crore for solar power grid infrastructure.
  • 2024-25 Interim Budget: ₹8,500 Crore.
  • Green Hydrogen Program: ₹7,490 Crore. Programs like PM Surya Uday Yojana and PM Suryodaya Ghar Mukt Bijli Yojana are aimed at increasing solar energy adoption and achieving the renewable energy targets.

While the goals are ambitious, there are several challenges:

  • Infrastructure Development: Adequate infrastructure is required to support the fast-paced growth.
  • Technological Advancements: Innovation in technology is necessary for efficient energy generation and storage.
  • Investment and Funding: Continuous and substantial investment is needed from both the government and private sectors.
  • Policy Implementation: Effective policy measures and regulatory frameworks are crucial to streamline the growth process.

The renewable energy sector offers various investment opportunities:

  • Direct Investment in Renewable Energy Projects: Investing in solar, wind, bio, and hydro energy projects.
  • Proxy Players: Companies involved in equipment supply, technology development, and infrastructure creation.
  • Global Investments: Investing in major players and multinational companies focusing on renewable energy globally. Notable figures like Ambani and Adani are making substantial investments, highlighting the sector's potential for significant returns.

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